Turkey

Turkish President Abdullah Gül and Prime Minister RecepTayyip Erdoğan are the 6th and 7th most followed world leaders on Twitter. The Turkish leadership is at the forefront in terms of using Twitter for policy statements in Turkish, English and Arabic. Yet, somewhat ironically, Twitter was blocked in Turkey by the Turkish Telecommunications Authority on 20 March 2014, Twitter’s eight anniversary and ahead of local elections. However the Twitter ban backfired. The hashtag #TwitterisblockedinTurkey became a trending topic and Twitter usage in Turkish rose by 138 percent as Turkey’s 12 million Twitter users shared ways to circumvent the ban which has since been lifted.

President of Turkey Abdullah Gül

Turkish President Abdullah Gül, opposed the Twitter ban on his personal Twitter account managing to get around the block on 21 March 2014: “A total shutdown of social media platforms cannot be approved”, “I hope this practice will not last long”. Abdullah Gül tweets mainly in Turkish but from time to time he tweets in English in order to share global sentiments and agenda such as expressing his respect to the iconic leader and former president of South Africa: “Nelson Mandela was a great statesman who inspired people in their quest for freedom, dignity and equality”; in order to make important foreign policy statements: "Turkey’s Membership Will Enrich the EU". The Turkish president does not comment on the daily news agenda except in the case of Taksim Square events - which started on 31 May, 2013 and rapidly escalated from a small environmentalist movement into large scale protests. While the demonstrations were in full swing, Gül made two public statements and tweeted links to the relevant press releases on the Turkish presidency’s website: “Gül Calls for More Maturity So That Events in Taksim Square Cool Down”. His Twitter stream is dominated by news about presidential activities, frequently accompanied by photos or videos. Abdullah Gül is not particularly interested in the interactive aspects of the medium: Interestingly enough, he only follows the two official accounts of the Turkish presidency, @trpresidency and @tccankaya and has never @mentioned or @replied any other Twitter user.

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Abdullah Gül

@cbabdullahgul

1950’de doğdum,TBMM tarafından Ağustos 2007’de 11.Cumhurbaşkanı seçildim. I was born in 1950,elected as the President of the Republic of Turkey in August 2007

Peer connections (as of June 2014)

Tweet analytics (as of June 2014)

Tweets:1,377
Following:2
Followers:4,629,952
Joined Twitter: 12/09/2009
Language: Turkish (English)
Status: Active
Tweets/day: 0.89
Retweets: 3%
Mentions/Tweet: 0
Replies/Tweet: 0
Tweets retweeted: 96%
Most mentioned @tccankaya (3).

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First tweet

Translation: The 470th International Mesir Paste Festival in Manisa was held despite the heavy rain.

Most popular tweet

Translation: One is really amazed how far we have come

Presidency of Turkey T.C.Cumhurbaşkanlığı

The Turkish Presidency maintains two institutional Twitter accounts: @tccankaya in Turkish and @trpresidency in English set up in March 2011. The English language account has significantly less followers than the Turkish version, but is followed unilaterally by 24 other world leaders. Both Twitter streams are dominated by the official agenda of President Gül, his visits, his meetings with foreign leaders, and his speeches and statements. There are occasionally tweets about the First Lady’s agenda as well. Maintaining a very official tone, all tweets link to press releases on the Turkish presidency’s website and often include photos. The Turkish presidency’s accounts are mainly used as news broadcasting channels and do not retweet, @mention or @reply other users, except @cbabdullahgul.

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T.C.Cumhurbaşkanlığı

@tccankaya

Peer connections (as of June 2014)

Tweet analytics (as of June 2014)

Tweets:2,197
Following:2
Followers:1,520,747
Joined Twitter: 03/26/2011
Language: Turkish
Status: Active
Tweets/day: 1.85
Retweets: 2%
Mentions/Tweet: 0
Replies/Tweet: 0
Tweets retweeted: 97%
Most mentioned @IstanbulUNLDC4 (2).

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First tweet

Translation: This morning, President Abdullah Gül will welcome the President of Finland Tarja Halonen at the Cankaya Palace.

Most popular tweet

Prime Minister of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

In 2013 Turkish Prime Minister criticized the widespread use of Twitter in his public statement regarding the Taksim Square events with the words: “Now we have a menace that is called Twitter… To me, social media is the worst menace to society”. However his team did not tweet this statement on his Twitter feed which is among the top ten most followed world leader accounts. Twitter was banned by the Turkish Telecommunications Authority on 20 March 2014 right after Erdoğan vowed to “wipe out” the social media network, a move that prompted widespread domestic and international criticism. “Everything for Turkey!” is the leitmotiv of Erdoğan’s Twitter account who was the first Turkish leader to join Twitter on 23 August 2009. While the first tweets were in English they quickly switched to Turkish with only the occasional English tweet to make an international policy statement. However there have been no English tweets since 2010.Turkish politics are the main focus of his tweets, often leading the next day’s news agenda. His Twitter feed often includes videos speeches and pictures of visits; however, the account rarely uses links. In September 2011 the office of Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, set up a second personal Twitter account in Arabic @RecepT_Erdogan to reach out to Middle Eastern audience. @RT_Erdogan does not interact with other Twitter users via @replies and the account does not follow anyone, making his account one of the least connected among world leaders.

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Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

@RT_Erdogan

Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Cumhurbaşkanı - President of the Republic of Turkey

Peer connections (as of June 2014)

Tweet analytics (as of June 2014)

Tweets:3,141
Following:0
Followers:4,305,372
Joined Twitter: 08/23/2009
Language: Turkish
Status: Active
Tweets/day: 2.41
Retweets: 0%
Mentions/Tweet: 0
Replies/Tweet: 0.01
Tweets retweeted: 100%
Most mentioned @ikaraosmanoglu (3), @erkamcomez (1), @_fatihsahin (1), @akgenclikankara (1), @FatmaSahin_ASPB (1), @RT_Erdogan (1), @cbabdullahgul (1).

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First tweet

Translation: Politics is the only moral port...

Most popular tweet

Foreign Minister of Turkey Ahmet Davutoğlu

Turkish Foreign Minister AhmetDavutoğlu has three personal Twitter accounts in Turkish (@Ahmet_Davutoglu), English (@A_Davutoglu_eng) and Arabic (@A_Davutoglu_ar) to underscore Turkey’s special interest in the Middle East. @Ahmet_Davutoglu is the most followed foreign minister and his Twitter stream is mainly dominated by foreign affairs. However, just before the municipal elections his tweets on his Turkish account assumed a political tone and local content which lasted until the Twitter ban. There were no posts during the period between mid-March and the beginning of May on his foreign language accounts. There are also occasional personal tweets which do not necessarily have an official tone from time to time.

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Ahmet Davutoğlu

@Ahmet_Davutoglu

Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Başbakanı - Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi Genel Başkanı

Tweet analytics (as of June 2014)

Tweets:1,202
Following:83
Followers:1,511,772
Joined Twitter: 08/22/2010
Language: Turkish (English)
Status: Active
Tweets/day: 0.89
Retweets: 6%
Mentions/Tweet: 0.08
Replies/Tweet: 0.19
Tweets retweeted: 91%
Most mentioned @cbabdullahgul (9), @JZarif (8), @MevlutCavusoglu (4), @FriendsOfSyria (3), @Tika_Turkey (3), @serdar_cam (3), @MalmstromEU (2), @BakanGuler (2), @acetmehmettw (2), @turkiyegazetesi (2).

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First tweet

Translation: Our Foreign Minister Mr. Ahmet Davutoğlu will meet you very soon on this twitter account.

Most popular tweet

Translation: If it is common to remain silent to crimes against humanity the conscience of humanity will be doomed.

Foreign Ministry of Turkey Dışişleri Bakanlığı

The Turkish Foreign Ministry joined Twitter on 7 December 2009 and tweets in four languages: Turkish (@TC_Disisleri), English (@MFATurkey), French (@MFATurkeyFrench) and Arabic (@MFATurkeyArabic). The Turkish language account is by far the most followed and its tweets on average five times per day. The account follows 121 other Twitter users, including all Turkish embassies and missions abroad but has not connected with other foreign ministries. Tweets are written in a formal style and are all about foreign policy matters such as official visits, press releases and statements. The account often retweets tweets from Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu, and his deputy, Naci Koruand makes a good use of pictures, chronicling the minister’s meetings.

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Dışişleri Bakanlığı

@TC_Disisleri

T.C. Dışişleri Bakanlığı Resmi Twitter sayfası Official Twitter Page of Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkey @MFATurkey @MFATurkeyFrench @MFATurkeyArabic

Tweet analytics (as of June 2014)

Tweets:8,069
Following:121
Followers:521,263
Joined Twitter: 12/07/2009
Language: Turkish
Status: Active
Tweets/day: 5.47
Retweets: 15%
Mentions/Tweet: 0.03
Replies/Tweet: 0.01
Tweets retweeted: 85%
Most mentioned @NaciKoru (24), @expoizmir (16), @Ahmet_Davutoglu (8), @TC_Disisleri (8), @anadoluajansi (3), @ntv (3), @MFATurkey (3), @IyadMadani (2), @UNESCO (2), @tccankaya (2).

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First tweet

Translation: The Ministry of Foreign Affairs on Twitter.

Most popular tweet

Translation: Turkey and Iran decided to establish a "High-Level Cooperation Council" http://bit.ly/1a89gz6 pic.twitter.com/6kychnmok