Turkey

Turkish President RecepTayyip Erdoğan is the fifth most followed world leader on Twitter. The Turkish leadership is at the forefront in terms of using Twitter for policy statements in Turkish, English and Arabic. Yet, somewhat ironically, Twitter was blocked in Turkey by the Turkish Telecommunications Authority on 20 March 2014, Twitter’s eight anniversary and ahead of local elections. However the Twitter ban backfired. The hashtag #TwitterisblockedinTurkey became a trending topic and Twitter usage in Turkish rose by 138 percent as Turkey’s 12 million Twitter users shared ways to circumvent the ban which has since been lifted.

President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

In 2013 then Prime Minister Erdoğan criticized the widespread use of Twitter in his public statement regarding the Taksim Square events with the words: “Now we have a menace that is called Twitter… To me, social media is the worst menace to society”. However his team did not tweet this statement on his Twitter feed which is among the top five most followed world leader accounts. Twitter was banned by the Turkish Telecommunications Authority on 20 March 2014 right after Erdoğan vowed to “wipe out” the social media network, a move that prompted widespread domestic and international criticism. “Everything for Turkey!” is the leitmotiv of Erdoğan’s Twitter account who was the first Turkish leader to join Twitter on 23 August 2009. While the first tweets were in English they quickly switched to Turkish with only the occasional English tweet to make an international policy statement. However there have been no English tweets since 2010.Turkish politics are the main focus of his tweets, often leading the next day’s news agenda. His Twitter feed often includes videos speeches and pictures of visits; however, the account rarely uses links. In September 2011 the office of Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, set up a second personal Twitter account in Arabic @RecepT_Erdogan to reach out to Middle Eastern audience. @RT_Erdogan does not interact with other Twitter users via @replies and the account does not follow anyone, making his account one of the least connected among world leaders.

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Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

@RT_Erdogan

Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Cumhurbaşkanı - President of the Republic of Turkey

Peer connections (as of November 2014)

Tweet analytics (as of November 2014)

Tweets:3,395
Following:0
Followers:5,033,619
Joined Twitter: 08/23/2009
Language: Turkish
Status: Active
Tweets/day: 3.29
Retweets: 0%
Mentions/Tweet: 0
Replies/Tweet: 0.02
Tweets retweeted: 100%
Most mentioned @ikaraosmanoglu (2), @Ahmet_Davutoglu (1)

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Presidency of Turkey T.C.Cumhurbaşkanlığı

The Turkish Presidency maintains two institutional Twitter accounts: @tccankaya in Turkish and @trpresidency in English set up in March 2011. The English language account has significantly less followers than the Turkish version, but is followed unilaterally by 26 other world leaders. Both Twitter streams are dominated by the official agenda of the president, his visits, his meetings with foreign leaders, and his speeches and statements. Maintaining a very official tone, all tweets link to press releases on the Turkish presidency’s website and often include photos. The Turkish presidency’s accounts are mainly used as news broadcasting channels and do not retweet, @mention or @reply other users.

Tweet analytics (as of November 2014)

Tweets:2,427
Following:1
Followers:1,731,820
Joined Twitter: 03/26/2011
Language: Turkish
Status: Active
Tweets/day: 1.83
Retweets: 2%
Mentions/Tweet: 0
Replies/Tweet: 0
Tweets retweeted: 97%
Most mentioned @IstanbulUNLDC4 (2)

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Prime Minister of Turkey Ahmet Davutoğlu

Turkish Prime Minister AhmetDavutoğlu has three personal Twitter accounts in Turkish (@Ahmet_Davutoglu), English (@A_Davutoglu_eng) and Arabic (@A_Davutoglu_ar) to underscore Turkey’s special interest in the Middle East. When he was Foreign Minister @Ahmet_Davutoglu’s Twitter stream was mainly dominated by foreign affairs. However, just before the municipal elections his tweets on his Turkish account assumed a political tone. Since becoming Prime Minister in August 2014 his English and Arabic accounts have gone silent. There are also occasional personal tweets which do not necessarily have an official tone from time to time.

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Ahmet Davutoğlu

@Ahmet_Davutoglu

Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Başbakanı - Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi Genel Başkanı

Tweet analytics (as of November 2014)

Tweets:1,374
Following:83
Followers:1,992,246
Joined Twitter: 08/22/2010
Language: Turkish (English)
Status: Active
Tweets/day: 0.94
Retweets: 5%
Mentions/Tweet: 0.08
Replies/Tweet: 0.25
Tweets retweeted: 92%
Most mentioned @JohnKerry (11), @cbabdullahgul (10), @kbmalattiya (10), @JZarif (8), @MevlutCavusoglu (4), @FriendsOfSyria (3), @Tika_Turkey (3), @serdar_cam (3), @acetmehmettw (2), @turkiyegazetesi (2)

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Foreign Minister of Turkey Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu

Turkey's new Foreign Minister Mevlüt Çavusoglu started his Twitter activity on 11 June 2011 when he was elected as new PACE President in Strasbourg. @MevlutCavusoglu tweets mainly in Turkish with occasional retweets of other world leaders in English. Most of the tweets are sent from a Blackberry. @MevlutCavusoglu is not yet well connected with other foreign leaders, mutually following only the @EU_Commission, @JohnKerry, and @JulieBishopMP.

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Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu

@MevlutCavusoglu

T.C. Dışişleri Bakanı, AKPM Onursal Başkanı, Antalya MV– Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Turkey, Hon. President of the PACE, MP for Antalya

Tweet analytics (as of November 2014)

Tweets:5,192
Following:174
Followers:279,476
Joined Twitter: 01/28/2010
Language: Turkish
Status: Active
Tweets/day: 3.05
Retweets: 33%
Mentions/Tweet: 0.25
Replies/Tweet: 0.12
Tweets retweeted: 62%
Most mentioned @avmustafakose (54), @T_MenderesTurel (35), @mevlutyeni (26), @egemen_bagis (20), @vbozkir (17), @HuseyinSamani (15), @gokcenenc07 (15), @chbarut (14), @EgemenBagis (12), @antalyadan (11)

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Foreign Ministry of Turkey Dışişleri Bakanlığı

The Turkish Foreign Ministry joined Twitter on 7 December 2009 and tweets in four languages: Turkish (@TC_Disisleri), English (@MFATurkey), French (@MFATurkeyFrench) and Arabic (@MFATurkeyArabic). The Turkish language account is by far the most followed and its tweets on average five times per day. The account follows 121 other Twitter users, including all Turkish embassies and missions abroad but has not connected with other foreign ministries. Tweets are written in a formal style and are all about foreign policy matters such as official visits, press releases and statements. The account often retweets tweets from Foreign Minister @MevlutCavusoglu and makes a good use of pictures, chronicling the minister’s meetings.

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Dışişleri Bakanlığı

@TC_Disisleri

T.C. Dışişleri Bakanlığı Resmi Twitter sayfası Official Twitter Page of Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkey @MFATurkey @MFATurkeyFrench @MFATurkeyArabic

Tweet analytics (as of November 2014)

Tweets:8,491
Following:127
Followers:634,981
Joined Twitter: 12/07/2009
Language: Turkish
Status: Active
Tweets/day: 4.76
Retweets: 20%
Mentions/Tweet: 0.04
Replies/Tweet: 0
Tweets retweeted: 80%
Most mentioned @NaciKoru (21), @expoizmir (16), @DisisleriSozcu (14), @Ahmet_Davutoglu (11), @TC_Disisleri (11), @ntv (3), @anadoluajansi (3), @IyadMadani (2), @UNESCO (2), @emrullahisler (2)

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